Showing posts with label organic. Show all posts
Showing posts with label organic. Show all posts

Bawang putih untuk Pestisida Nabati

Bawang putih untuk pestisida nabati, biopestisida bawang putih, harga bawang putih, kreasi alami bawang putih, pestisida bio, pestisida nabati. Bawang putih pada umumnya dikenal sebagai bumbu makanan, tetapi ada sisi lain kegunaan dari tanaman bawang putih yaitu sebagai bahan alami untuk pupuk pestisida, banyak penyakit tanaman yang bisa dituntaskan dengan menggunakan pestisida alami ini

Cara kerja pestisida nabati sangat spesifik

  • Merusak perkembangan telur, larva dan pupa. 
  • Menghambat pergantian kulit.
  • Mengganggu komunikasi serangga.
  • Menyebabkan serangga menolak makan.
  • Menghambat reproduksi serangga betina.
  • Mengurangi nafsu makan.
  • Memblokir kemampuan makan serangga.
  • Mengusir serangga.
  • Menghambat perkembangan patogen penyakit.

Keunggulan dan kelemahan pestisida nabati adalah: 


  • Murah dan mudah dibuat sendiri oleh petani, relatif aman terhadap lingkungan, tidak menyebabkan keracunan pada tanaman, sulit menimbulkan kekebalan terhadap hama, kompatibel digabung dengan cara pengendalian yang lain, menghasilkan produk pertanian yang sehat karena bebas residu pestisida kimia.
  • kelemahannya adalah daya kerjanya relatif lambat, tidak membunuh jasad sasaran secara langsung, tidak tahan terhadap sinar matahari, kurang praktis, tidak tahan disimpan., kadang-kadang harus diaplikasikan / disemprotkan berulang-ulang.
Pestisida nabati dapat diaplikasikan dengan menggunakan alat semprot (sprayer) gendong seperti pestisida kimia pada umumnya. Namun, apabila tidak dijumpai alat semprot, aplikasi pestisida nabati dapat dilakukan dengan bantuan kuas penyapu (pengecat) dinding atau merang yang diikat. Caranya, alat tersebut dicelupkan kedalam ember yang berisi larutan pestisida nabati, kemudian dikibas-kibaskan pada tanaman. Supaya penyemprotan pestisida nabati memberikan hasil yang baik, butiran semprot harus diarahkan ke bagian tanaman dimana jasad sasaran berada.

Ekstrak bawang putih


  • Bahan dan Alat : 85 gram bawang putih, 50 ml minyak sayur, 10 ml deterjen/sabun, 950 ml air Alat penyaring,Botol
  • Cara Pembuatan; Campurkan bawang putih dengan minyak sayur. Biarkan selama 24 jam. Tambahkan air dan sabun. Aduk hingga rata. Simpan dalam botol paling lama 3 hari.
  • Cara Penggunaan; Campurkan larutan dengan air dengan perbandingan 1 : 19 atau 50 ml larutan dengan 950 ml air. Kocok sebelum digunakan. Semprotkan ke seluruh bagian tanaman yang terserang OPT pada pagi hari
  • OPT Sasaran; Ulat, hama pengisap, nematoda, bakteri, antraknos, embun tepung
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humus daun bambu untuk kompos

Humus daun bambu untuk kompos dapat digunakan sebagai material untuk pembuatan media penanaman tanaman hias, banyak digunakan karena porous baik, juga karena sangat bagus untuk pertumbuhan tanaman hias, humus bambu juga netral, tidak akan mengeras atau sebaliknya walaupun digunakan sebagai media tanam dalam waktu yang lama

Jenis tanaman hias yang banyak menggunakan media tanam humus bambu adalah jenis tanaman Agloanema, Anthorium bunga jug bisa menggunakan ini, tetapi lepas dari jenis tanaman hias yang dapat tumbuh bagus dengan media tanam humus daun bambu, disin perlu di informasikan bahwa daun bambu sangat bagus sebagai media tanam untuk tanaman hias
humus daun bambu untuk kompos

Proses humus daun bambu untuk kompos

Kompos adalah campuran bahan organic dan pupuk kandang, yang diproses pembusukan, dapat dipercepat proses pembusukan tersebut dengan fermentasi yaitu pencampuran bahan cairan yang berisi bakteri yang menguntungkan untuk mempercepat proses pembusukan bahan organic tersebut. kompos yang dihasilkan dari percampuran daun bambu yang dicampur dengan pupuk kandang adalah kompos daun bambu, yang dapat berfungsi sebagai pupuk organic, lama waktu pembuatan kompos adalah 1 bulan, sedang dengan fermentasi hanya diperlukan waktu 7 hari, tetapi ada syarat untuk dapat berhasil membuat kompos secara fermentasi, yaitu
  1. Suhu kisaran 50 derejad celcius
  2. Tidak terkena sinar matahari langsung
  3. Tidak terkena air hujan langsung
Selamat mencoba bercocok tanam dengan bahan yang ada disekitar kita, terutama humus daun bambu untuk kompos
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compost as a planting medium

Compost as a planting medium like as Rice straw or other agricultural waste soft, it easily composted. Only with stacked just, lapse of three months later the material was going to be composted. But so will compost quickly solidifies and sticky. If compost is used to fertilize rice fields or fields, the compaction and sintering are not an issue. The fields are lush, the mud is composed of organic materials that have been destroyed and become sticky. Different if the compost will be used as a planting medium pot. Media planting pots require a high level of porousitas. The more that will be planted ornamental plants like ferns.

planting media
That is why maidenhair ferns and ferns will only grow better if planted with bamboo planting medium humus. Because despite being destroyed, bamboo humus remains neutral (pH 6.5 - 7). The destruction of a bamboo humus also still form a porous mass, does not compact and not sticky. Until the water is poured into the media will continue late into the bottom. Bamboo is called humus, leaf litter remains, sheath and bamboo twigs scattered under the clumps. Humus bamboo is an excellent medium for growing specific maidenhair ferns and other ferns in pots. Up to now, there is no other more appropriate medium for growing families ferns besides bamboo humus.

Compositions for planting medium pot, it should be possible. If we only use a soft organic materials, such as straw, then a period of less than one year, the media would already be compressed. If the pot is placed in the crops, it does not matter. Because when the media has been compressed, will be the replacement plant. Similarly, if the plant needs repotting dipotkan it (replacement pot) once a year. Along with penggantiap pot, also conducted replacement planting medium. If it is planted palm that is not necessarily done repotting every two years, the media compositions pot should really be taken into account.

First of all these media require easy compost materials such as straw destroyed. Second, the media also requires that water-binding agents such as cork softwood bark, coco dush and clay. But the media also requires organic material that is not easily broken. For example sawdust (or poo shavings) from hard wood. In Australia, for example, used sawdust from oak and eucaliptus very hard. Here, it can be used sawdust teak, camphor, Rasamala etc.. And lastly, composting requires fine sand that condition remains porous. Comparison of each of these media depends on the type of plants.

If planted crops that require a lot of water, then the components of clay and powdered cork enlarged. If these plants require a high level of porousitas (not like water) then the composition of sand and sawdust are propagated severity. That requires a lot of water is a plant with broad leaves and soft. For example, the types of impatiens, begonias, etc.. While that does not like a lot of water is a type of ferns and cactus and succulent especially. Media for cactus and succulent, even enough to be a 75% fine sand and humus (compost smooth) 25%. Cactus and succulent really do not like the water until watering is only done once a week enough. Cactus and succulent pots should be placed in the green house, to avoid the rain.

bamboo humus
Compost as a planting medium
The ornamental plant breeder Selecta (East Java), Bandungan (Java), Lembang and Cibodas (Jabar), using a compost consisting of normal soil mixed with chaff former broiller chicken litter. The comparison, 1/3 soil mixed with 2/3 chaff. With this media, media porousitas can stay awake. Because chaff will be destroyed after about two years of mixed tahah. Seed plants for a period of less than one year must have been terpasarkan. In addition because of porousitas, media usage husks also meant that crops sown in bamboo baskets, plastic bag, or most of them in a clear plastic bag, it becomes lighter when transported over long distances.

For the purpose of reducing the weight of breeder seed is the fruit crops in Thailand using cork media moss or coconut coir (coco dush). The meaning is the root kadaca moss (bird's nest fern). Using moss and coco dush media is done, since the lifting of seedlings of the land to be transferred to polybags. With moss and coco media dush, the weight of the seed crop could be reduced by about 2/3nya. Till when using a soil medium weights seeds contained in a 2 ton pick up, for example, then the media moss and coco dush weight will shrink to 0.66 tons. While the volume remains the same. Thus the transport of seeds, usually with stacked (laid) crisscrossed sleep. Until the vehicle capacity can be quite large.

Making compost in bulk, made by mixing various ingredients in a shaded space. Usually dirt ruminants (cattle / sheep), swine and poultry mixed with sawdust. Mixing is done by heavy equipment in the ward that the width can be as big a football field. Along with pangadukan, adding water, starter bacteria and also in the form of oxygen. In this way, the composting process can be shortened just a few days than it should be for about three months. For use in regular land, the finished compost can be sown directly. But for use as a medium pot / polybag, compost is still to be mixed with a variety of materials.

Nursery-nursery, usually prepared materials such as compost for growing media, fertilizer guano (bat droppings), fine sand, hardwood sawdust, rice husks, cork (of bark or coco dush), limestone and clay. The material was to be mixed according to plant needs. Ornamental plants such as Aglaonema, anthurium and begonias for example, requires more media composition of organic materials. Up to this part of the compost plants at most. For example, up to 60%. Of which 40% consists of cork, hardwood sawdust / husks, clay and sand. For such plants require a fixed porous media and contains a lot of water.

Unlike the cacti and succulent plants. Including these plants are Adenium and Euphorbia that lately in vogue society. These plants actually need more sand as the media cropping. Until the composition is reversed: 60% sand and 40% compost and hardwood sawdust / bran. Clay and cork are not required. For the second function is the binding medium of water. Though cactus and succulent it does not want the water. Ornamental plants such as ferns, require a porous media, still wet but does not contain a lot of water. If there is no humus bamboo, media composition for ferns consists of 60% hardwood sawdust / bran and 40% compost.

Straw, both rice and wheat straw, compost will yield homogeneous soft and easily compressible / solid. Sorghum stalks and relatively heterogeneous, ie, composed of fiber and cork on the inside as well as the hard bark on the outside. However, maize and sorghum stalk still could not last too long as the planting medium pot. The most ideal as compost are twigs and leaves hard wood. In Jakarta, the logging / lumber angsana just thrown away in landfills (Landfill) Capital trash. In fact, this waste can be shredded and composted with chooper. Compost from the following branches angsana leaves is quite good, because the leaves will rapidly disintegrate, while the woody branches will be able to last long enough.

Skin and corn cob is also a pretty good compost material. Skin corn contains a lot of strong cellulose, while cob contains many hardwoods that will take a long time to disintegrate. If the skin and the cob is combined with corn stalks and leaves, would be an ideal compost material. Similarly, stems and skins of peanuts. In our country stems and leaves of peanut forage is highly qualified. While the skin is discarded or burned more futile. In fact, compost peanut shells are pretty good, which is to substitute cork materials and hard parts.

The combination is also ideal husk and rice straw. Rice straw will quickly solidify. While the chaff requires long time to disintegrate. If the two materials are mixed, it will be a planting medium pot is ideal. Excess planting medium that consists of only organic materials are porous and light weight. If pots or polybags will be pulled up and carried long distances, then the media should ideally be planted without the sand and clay to keep it light. If the pot will be placed permanently in one place, then the addition of sand and clay becomes problematic


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