High productivity sesame New Variety


High productivity sesame  (Sesamum indicum L.)New Variety is a shrub which belongs to a season Pedaliaceae. The plant is cultivated as a source of vegetable oil, known as sesame oil obtained from seeds extraction. Sesame earned the nickname "The Queen of Oil Seeds Crops" reflecting the sesame seeds have a high nutrient content and a positive impact for consumers. Vegetable oil is widely used for a variety of industries, such as food, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and others. While bungkilnya can be used as animal feed mixes. Sesame oil is excellent for everyday consumption because it is one that many vegetable oils containing unsaturated fatty acids high as 84%. Unsaturated fatty acids such as oleic acid and linoleic acid are required to be able to course of normal growth and function of all tissues.

Sesame economic value is high, prices in June 2008 reached Rp 22.000/kg. According to FAO in 2010 sesame crops cultivated in almost all the world, there are three major producing countries, namely Myanmar sesame with output 722,900 tons, 623,000 tons India, and China 587,947 tons per year. While in Indonesia, the national production of sesame in 2005 only amounted to 1853 tons (0.06% of world production).

Sesame crop, which is one of 127 commodities built Directorate General of Plantation has several advantages such as drought resistant, although the quality remains good seed planted in the soil thin and can be cultivated extensively, has a relatively high economic value and can be intercropped with other crops. In Indonesia, sesame cultivated in dryland development centers in the rainy season, especially in East Java, Central Java, NTB, NTT, South Sulawesi, Gorontalo, and Lampung. Productivity at the farm level is still very low at ± 465 kg / ha. One effort to increase national production of sesame is through the use of improved varieties and the application of appropriate cultivation techniques.

Sesame crop is now emerging in the paddy field after rice. But the availability of varieties of sesame to land is limited. The need for such varieties should also be accompanied by an increase in the productivity of crop varieties that assembly through a series of studies have been conducted by the Center for Plant Research Center for Oil and Fiber Sweeteners since 1999. A series of studies resulted in three promising lines / facilities that have suitability to support the development of sesame in the paddy field after rice.

High productivity sesame New varieties winas-1 has the potential to produce maksimal 2222 kg / ha with harvest 101 days and the oil content of 50.88%, stable varieties developed in all areas of development. Winas-2 has the potential to produce maksimal 1933 kg / ha with harvest 102 days and the oil content of 49.83%, stable varieties developed in all areas of development. Winas-3 has the potential to produce maksinal 1874 kg / ha with harvest 98 days and oil content of 48.82%, specific varieties developed in the area that have similar agro-ecosystem development

Refrensi: http://ditjenbun.deptan.go.id

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